June 7th Senate votes on Bill C-45

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Canadian Federal legalization of recreational cannabis is just on the horizon, pending the June 7th Senate vote and a minimum 8 weeks of amendments.

 

The Senate will have to hold a final vote on Bill C-45 June 7th, deciding the future of how cannabis regulation in Canada will be worded in law. The vote would determine the legal boundaries for the production, sale, and distribution of cannabis, as well as provide clarity on legal adult recreational use and possession. Strict federal guidelines on the legal age to purchase cannabis will be set to 18, with allowances for provinces to set higher age limits if they so choose.

When the bill passes it will be legal to possess certain quantities of cannabis for recreational use, but according to Ontario Senator Tony Dean, it would take another eight to 12 weeks for legal cannabis retail, pending any amendments that may happen.

This sets the timeline for retail sales of cannabis to happen within the next few month’s with early Late July/early August being the fastest feasible date for many licenced dispensaries. The sale, production, and distribution of edible cannabis products will not be legal under current provisions, but may be set for legalization in a year’s time.

What to expect from your province:

ONTARIO

Minimum age:
  • 19
Retail model:
  • Government monopoly. The Ontario Cannabis Retail Corporation (OCRC) will control all physical retail and online sales of cannabis. The OCRC is a subsidiary of Liquor Control Board of Ontario. 
Number of stores:
  • 40 by summer 2018, 150 in two years
Number of licensed producers:
  • 57
Permitted usage:
  • Private Residence only. Currently debating hotel room use.
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 7.39
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 110,338
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • Male: 46.8%, Female: 33.1%
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • Male: 16.3%, Female: 8%
Homegrow:
  • Up to 4 plants

BRITISH COLUMBIA

Minimum age:
  • 19
Retail model:
  • Public/private split between B.C. Liquor Distribution Board and private owners.
Number of stores:
  • Will be based on municipal regulation.
Number of licensed producers:
  • 22
Permitted usage:
  • Allowed where smoking is permitted, except in vehicles or around areas with children. Municipalities and landlord may provide additional restrictions.
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 6.93
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 9,985
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • Male: 54.6%, Female: 38%
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • Male: 18%, Female: 10.5%
Homegrow:
  • Four plants allowed. Cannot be visible from public space.

ALBERTA

Minimum age:
  • 18
Retail model:
  • Private physical stores. Online sales managed by Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission.
Number of stores:
  • Around 250 stores
Number of licensed producers:
  • 6
Permitted usage:
  • Allowed in public spaces where smoking is permitted except in places frequented by children. Banned in vehicles.
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 7.21
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 104,272
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • Male: 50.8%, Female: 38.3%
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • Male: 16.1%, Female: 7.3%
Homegrow:
  • Four plants allowed. Restrictions may apply due to house type and landlord discretion.

SASKATCHEWAN

Minimum age:
  • 19
Retail model:
  • Private physical and online stores regulated and licensed by Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority.
Number of stores:
  • 51
Number of licensed producers:
  • 4
Permitted usage:
  • No smoking in public places
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 7.42
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 8,601
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • Male: 50.6%, Female: 33.9%
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • Male: 13.3%, Female: 6.9%
Homegrow:
  • Four plants allowed. Proposed legislation allows landlords to restrict home growing at their discretion.

MANITOBA

Minimum age:
  • 19
Retail model:
  • Limited private retail, with four consortiums licensed to run physical and online stores. Regulated and licensed by Liquor and Gaming Authority of Manitoba.
Number of stores:
  • TBD
Number of licensed producers:
  • 2
Permitted usage:
  • Proposed bill to ban consumption in vehicles and enclosed public places, such as beaches, streets and parks, as well as on restaurant patios and in entertainment venues.
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 7.24
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 6,650
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • Male: 46.1%, Female: 36.8%
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • Male: 13.9%, Female: 9%
Homegrow:
  • Not allowed

QUEBEC

Minimum age:
  • 18
Retail model:
  • Government monopoly. Physical and online sales run by Societé québécoise du cannabis (SQC), a subsidiary of the Societé des alcools du Québec. Has announced supply contracts with Hydropothecary, Canopy Growth, Aurora, MedReleaf, Tilray and Aphria.
Number of stores:
  • 20 in the first. 100+ in three years.
Number of licensed producers:
  • 6
Permitted usage:
  • Same regulations and restrictions as tobacco. Banned in some public areas including bus shelters, hospitals, schools and places frequented by children. Banned in bars, restaurants, workplaces, and within nine meters of entranceways.
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 5.88
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 7,318
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • Male: 49.6%, Female: 37%
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • Male: 15.1%, Female: 8%

NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

Minimum age:
  • 19
Retail model:
  • Private retail regulated by Newfoundland and Labrador Liquor Corporation. Potential for government stores in areas with no private interest. NLC will run online sales.Has announced a supply contract with Canopy Growth.
Number of stores:
  • 45
Number of licensed producers:
  • 0
Permitted usage:
  • Only in private residences
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 7.96
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 2,747
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • Male: 50.9%, Female: 34.6%
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • Male: 13.3%, Female: 9.1%
Homegrow:
  • Four plants allowed

NEW BRUNSWICK

Minimum age:
  • 19
Retail model:
  • Government monopoly. Physical and online sales run by Cannabis NB, a subsidiary of the New Brunswick Liquor Corp. Has announced supply contracts with Zenabis, OrganiGram and Canopy, and Nuuvera.
Number of stores:
  • 20
Number of licensed producers:
  • 3
Permitted usage:
  • Only in private residences. Users must store their marijuana in a locked container or locked room.
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 6.38
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 6,524
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • Male: 49.4%, Female: 40.3%
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • Male: 15.2%, Female: 7.1%
Homegrow:
  • Four plants allowed. Plants must be kept in a locked room or box.

NOVA SCOTIA

Minimum age:
  • 19
Retail model:
  • Government monopoly. Physical and online sales run by Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation, using existing stores. No supply contracts announced.
Number of stores:
  • 12
Number of licensed producers:
  • 3
Permitted usage:
  • Additional restrictions TBD
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 7.19
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 11,539
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • Male: 56.6%, Female: 40.7%
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • Male: 20.1%, Female: 9.9%
Homegrow:
  • Four plants allowed

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Minimum age:
  • 19
Retail model:
  • Government monopoly. Physical and online sales run by PEI Liquor Control Commission. Has announced supply contracts with Canada’s Island Garden, OrganiGram and Canopy Growth.
Number of stores:
  • 4
Number of licensed producers:
  • 1
Permitted usage:
  • Only in private residences. Potential for expansion into designated public spaces.
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 7.05
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 1,194
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • Male: 45.8%, Female: 36.1%
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • Male: 12.2%, Female: 8.7%
Homegrow:
  • TBD

YUKON

Minimum age:
  • 19
Retail model:
  • Yukon Liquor Corporation will control sales to start. May allow private retailers later on. Supply contracts signed with Tilray and Canopy Growth.
Number of stores:
  • 1
Number of licensed producers:
  • 0
Permitted usage:
  • Only in private residences and adjoining properties to begin with, potential for consumption in other spaces in the future. Landlords and condo boards may restrict usage.
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 8.05
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 178
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • NA
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • NA
Homegrow:
  • Four plants allowed. Must be grown out of public site.

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES

Minimum age:
  • 19
Retail model:
  • Initial physical and online sales controlled by Northwest Territories Liquor Commission through existing stores. May allow other retailers later on. No supply contacts announced.
Number of stores:
  • TBD
Number of licensed producers:
  • 0
Permitted usage:
  • Allowed in public spaces, although not in places frequented by children. Not allowed in vehicles or where tobacco is not permitted.
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 11.46
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 144
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • NA
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • NA
Homegrow:
  • Four plants allowed.

NUNAVUT

Minimum age:
  • 19
Retail model:
  • Public/Private model overseen by Nunavut Liquor Commission, but with potential for outsourcing physical and online retail to private third parties.
Number of stores:
  • No physical stories in first year
Number of licensed producers:
  • 0
Permitted usage:
  • Allowed in homes and some public spaces where tobacco is permitted.
Average price per gram (crowd sourced by StatsCan):
  • 10.24
Registered medical clients (end of Sept. 2017):
  • 62
Reported usage (lifetime):
  • NA
Reported usage (preceding year):
  • NA
Homegrow:
  • Four plants allowed. Government may allow landlords to implement restrictions.

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